NFC-based Smartwork Service Model Design

박아름, 강민수, 전정호, 이경전, “NFC 기반의 스마트워크 서비스 모델 설계”, 지능정보연구,19(2):157~176, 2103.

(PDF) in Korean


Since Korean government announced ‘Smartwork promotion strategy’ in 2010, Korean firms and
government organizations have started to adopt smartwork. However, the smartwork has been implemented
only in a few of large enterprises and government organizations rather than SMEs (small and medium
enterprises). In USA, both Yahoo! and BestBuy have stopped their flexible work because of its reported
low productivity and job loafing problems. In addition, according to the literature on smartwork, we
could draw obstacles of smartwork adoption and categorize them into the three types: institutional,
organizational, and technological. The first category of smartwork adoption obstacles, institutional, include
the difficulties of smartwork performance evaluation metrics, the lack of readiness of organizational
processes, limitation of smartwork types and models, lack of employee participation in smartwork adoption
procedure, high cost of building smartwork system, and insufficiency of government support. The second
category, organizational, includes limitation of the organization hierarchy, wrong perception of employees
and employers, a difficulty in close collaboration, low productivity with remote coworkers, insufficient
understanding on remote working, and lack of training about smartwork. The third category, technological,
obstacles include security concern of mobile work, lack of specialized solution, and lack of adoption
and operation know-how.
To overcome the current problems of smartwork in reality and the reported obstacles in literature,
we suggest a novel smartwork service model based on NFC(Near Field Communication). This paper
suggests NFC-based Smartwork Service Model composed of NFC-based Smartworker networking service
and NFC-based Smartwork space management service.
NFC-based smartworker networking service is comprised of NFC-based communication/SNS service
and NFC-based recruiting/job seeking service. NFC-based communication/SNS Service Model supplements

the key shortcomings that existing smartwork service model has. By connecting to existing legacy system
of a company through NFC tags and systems, the low productivity and the difficulty of collaboration
and attendance management can be overcome since managers can get work processing information,
work time information and work space information of employees and employees can do real-time
communication with coworkers and get location information of coworkers. Shortly, this service model
has features such as affordable system cost, provision of location-based information, and possibility
of knowledge accumulation. NFC-based recruiting/job-seeking service provides new value by linking
NFC tag service and sharing economy sites. This service model has features such as easiness of service
attachment and removal, efficient space-based work provision, easy search of location-based recruiting/
job-seeking information, and system flexibility. This service model combines advantages of sharing
economy sites with the advantages of NFC. By cooperation with sharing economy sites, the model
can provide recruiters with human resource who finds not only long-term works but also short-term
works. Additionally, SMEs (Small Medium-sized Enterprises) can easily find job seeker by attaching
NFC tags to any spaces at which human resource with qualification may be located. In short, this
service model helps efficient human resource distribution by providing location of job hunters and
job applicants.
NFC-based smartwork space management service can promote smartwork by linking NFC tags
attached to the work space and existing smartwork system. This service has features such as low cost,
provision of indoor and outdoor location information, and customized service. In particular, this model
can help small company adopt smartwork system because it is light-weight system and cost-effective
compared to existing smartwork system.
This paper proposes the scenarios of the service models, the roles and incentives of the participants,
and the comparative analysis. The superiority of NFC-based smartwork service model is shown by
comparing and analyzing the new service models and the existing service models. The service model
can expand scope of enterprises and organizations that adopt smartwork and expand the scope of employees
that take advantages of smartwork.