Case Study on the Enterprise Microblog Usage: Focusing on Knowledge Learning

Park, A., Kang, M. S., & Lee, K. J. (2015). Case Study on the Enterprise Microblog Usage: Focusing on Knowledge Learning. In PACIS (p. 37). (link)


Knowledge Management Strategy can be classified by codification strategy and personalization strategy (Hansen et. al., 1999), and how to manage the two strategies were always studied. Also, current studies regarding the knowledge management strategy were targeted mostly for major companies, resulting in lack of studies in how it can be applied on SMEs. This research, with the knowledge management strategy suited for SMEs, sets an Enterprise Microblog (EMB), and with the EMB applied on SMEs’ Knowledge Management Strategy, it is reviewed on the perspective of SMEs’ Codification and Personalization Strategies. Through the advanced research regarding Knowledge Management Strategy and EMB, the hypothesis is set that “Depending on the development of the company, the main application of EMB alters from Codification Strategy to Personalization Strategy.” To check the hypothesis, SME that have used the EMB called ‘Yammer’ was analyzed from the data of their foundation until today. The case study has implemented longitudinal analysis which divides the period when the EMBs were used into three stages and analyzes the contents. As the result of the study, this suggests a substantial implication regarding the application of Knowledge Management Strategy and its Knowledge Management System that is suitable for SME.

Critical Success Factor of Noble Payment System

Park, A., & Lee, K. J. (2014). Critical Success Factor of Noble Payment System. 지능정보연구, 20(4), 59-87. (link)


In MIS field, the researches on payment services are focused on adoption factors of payment service using behavior theories such as TRA(Theory of Reasoned Action), TAM(Technology Acceptance Model), and TPB (Theory of Planned Behavior). The previous researches presented various adoption factors according to types of payment service, nations, culture and so on even though adoption factors of identical payment service were presented differently by researchers. The payment service industry relatively has strong path dependency to the existing payment methods so that the research results on the identical payment service are different due to payment culture of nation.
This paper aims to suggest a successful adoption factor of noble payment service regardless of nation’s culture and characteristics of payment and prove it. In previous researches, common adoption factors of payment service are convenience, ease of use, security, convenience, speed etc. But real cases prove the fact that adoption factors that the previous researches present are not always critical to success to penetrate a market. For example, PayByPhone, NFC based parking payment service, successfully has penetrated to early market and grown. In contrast, Google Wallet service failed to be adopted to users despite NFC based payment method which provides convenience, security, ease of use.
As shown in upper case, there remains an unexplained aspect. Therefore, the present research question emerged from the question: “What is the more essential and fundamental factor that should takes precedence over factors such as provides convenience, security, ease of use for successful penetration to market”.
With these cases, this paper analyzes four cases predicted on the following hypothesis and demonstrates it. “To successfully penetrate a market and sustainably grow, new payment service should find non-customer of the existing payment service and provide noble payment method so that they can use payment method”.
We give plausible explanations for the hypothesis using multiple case studies. Diners club, Danal, PayPal, Square were selected as a typical and successful cases in each category of payment service. The discussion on cases is primarily non-customer analysis that noble payment service targets on to find the most crucial factor in the early market, we does not attempt to consider factors for business growth. We clarified three-tier non-customer of the payment method that new payment service targets on and elaborated how new payment service satisfy them.
In case of credit card, this payment service target first tier of non-customer who can’t pay for because they don’t have any cash temporarily but they have regular income. So credit card provides an opportunity which they can do economic activities by delaying the date of payment.
In a result of wireless phone payment’s case study, this service targets on second of non-customer who can’t use online payment because they concern about security or have to take a complex process and learn how to use online payment method. Therefore, wireless phone payment provides very convenient payment method. Especially, it made group of young pay for a little money without a credit card.
Case study result of PayPal, online payment service, shows that it targets on second tier of non-customer who reject to use online payment service because of concern about sensitive information leaks such as passwords and credit card details. Accordingly, PayPal service allows users to pay online without a provision of sensitive information.
Final Square case result, Mobile POS –based payment service, also shows that it targets on second tier of non-customer who can’t individually transact offline because of cash’s shortness. Hence, Square provides dongle which function as POS by putting dongle in earphone terminal.
As a result, four cases made non-customer their customer so that they could penetrate early market and had been extended their market share.
Consequently, all cases supported the hypothesis and it is highly probable according to ‘analytic generation’ that case study methodology suggests.
We present for judging the quality of research designs the following. Construct validity, internal validity, external validity, reliability are common to all social science methods, these have been summarized in numerous textbooks(Yin, 2014). In case study methodology, these also have served as a framework for assessing a large group of case studies (Gibbert, Ruigrok & Wicki, 2008). Construct validity is to identify correct operational measures for the concepts being studied. To satisfy construct validity, we use multiple sources of evidence such as the academic journals, magazine and articles etc.
Internal validity is to seek to establish a causal relationship, whereby certain conditions are believed to lead to other conditions, as distinguished from spurious relationships. To satisfy internal validity, we do explanation building through four cases analysis. External validity is to define the domain to which a study’s findings can be generalized. To satisfy this, replication logic in multiple case studies is used.
Reliability is to demonstrate that the operations of a study –such as the data collection procedures- can be repeated, with the same results. To satisfy this, we use case study protocol.
In Korea, the competition among stakeholders over mobile payment industry is intensifying. Not only main three Telecom Companies but also Smartphone companies and service provider like KakaoTalk announced that they would enter into mobile payment industry. Mobile payment industry is getting competitive. But it doesn’t still have momentum effect notwithstanding positive presumptions that will grow very fast.
Mobile payment services are categorized into various technology based payment service such as IC mobile card and Application payment service of cloud based, NFC, sound wave, BLE(Bluetooth Low Energy), Biometric recognition technology etc. Especially, mobile payment service is discontinuous innovations that users should change their behavior and noble infrastructure should be installed.
These require users to learn how to use it and cause infra- installation cost to shopkeepers. Additionally, payment industry has the strong path dependency. In spite of these obstacles, mobile payment service which should provide dramatically improved value as a products and service of discontinuous innovations is focusing on convenience andsecurity, convenience and so on.
We suggest the following to success mobile payment service. First, non-customers of the existing payment service need to be identified. Second, needs of them should be taken. Then, noble payment service provides non-customer who can’t pay by the previous payment method to payment method.
In conclusion, mobile payment service can create new market

기업용 마이크로블로그의 사용행태에 대한 사례연구

강민수, 박아름, & 이경전. (2015). 기업용 마이크로블로그의 사용행태에 대한 사례연구. 지능정보연구, 21(1), 47-63. (link)


지식경영전략은 코드화(Codification) 전략과 대인화(Personalization) 전략으로 대별할 수 있으며(Hansen et al., 1999), 성공적인 지식경영의 도입과 활용을 위한 두 전략의 운영 방안에 대한 연구가 계속되어 왔다. 그리고 지식경영 시스템에 대한 기존 연구는 주로 대기업의 일부 조직에서 활용한 사례를 대상으로 하고 있어, 중소 규모의 기업 전체를 대상으로 하는 연구는 미비한 실정이다. 본 논문은 중소 규모의 기업에 적합한 지식경영 시스템으로 기업용 마이크로블로그를 특정하고, 기업용 마이크로블로그를 활용한 중소기업의 지식경영전략을 코드화 전략과 대인화 전략의 관점에서 검토한다. 지식경영전략과 기업용 마이크로블로그에 대한 선행연구를 통하여 “기업의 성장에 따라 기업용 마이크로블로그의 활용은 코드화 전략에서 대인화 전략 중심으로 변화한다”는 가설을 설정하였다. 이 가설을 확인하기 위하여 창업 초기부터 현재까지 ‘야머’(Yammer)라는 기업용 마이크로블로그를 사용하고 있는 소규모 기업을 대상으로 사례연구를 진행하였다. 사례 연구는 기업용 마이크로블로그의 사용 기간을 창업 ‘초기’, 현재의 조직 형태를 갖추게 된 ‘중기’, 그리고 연구가 진행된 ‘현재’ 등 세 시점으로 나누고 콘텐츠를 분석하는 종단 분석을 실시하였다. 그리고 각 시점별 야머에 등록된 콘텐츠의 커뮤니케이션 유형을 분석하여 사례기업의 기업용 마이크로블로그 사용행태를 분석하고, 지식경영전략의 변화를 확인하는 방법을 사용하였다. 연구의 결과로 소규모 기업에서 지식경영전략의 운영과 그에 적합한 지식경영 시스템의 활용에 대한 실질적인 시사점을 제시하고자 한다.

경영커뮤니케이션 방법으로서의 챗봇 사례분석

허미리, &이경전. (2017) 경영커뮤니케이션 방법으로서의 챗봇 사례분석. 한국경영학회  통합학술발표논문집, 제 19회 경영관련학회 통합학술대회.